With the rapid growth of wireless communication technologies, the number of mobile applications have been developing. One of them is approaching the mobile learning area since it is unique in its own way and offers learning opportunities anywhere and anytime. Mobile collaborative learning (MCL) is a small group learning application, and it is a new research area in which students can obtain knowledge about a topic and concept via communicating with other students by mobile devices. This paper introduces the theoretical and technical foundations for designing and developing an effective MCL environment. Also, the paper describes a new approach for building the MCL application towards the latest mobile technology. The prototype will be constructed using the Android operating system with suggesting necessary infrastructure and middleware. Finally, the paper include the result of a usability test to find valuable hidden facilitating issues to efficiently access and obtain the class contents in a collaborative learning environment.